Stars and gripes: When US President Ulysses S Grant got here to Scotland (News)


Ulysses S GrantPicture copyright
Smithsonian Establishment

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Ulysses S Grant was the primary US president to go to Scotland

There was a lot hypothesis about whether or not Donald Trump will come to Scotland throughout a visit to the UK subsequent month. If he does, the go to will come 140 years after Ulysses S Grant was the primary American president to tour Scotland.

Like Trump, Grant was a Washington outsider, despised by Democrats and plenty of detractors inside his personal Republican Get together.

The 2 males additionally share shut connections to Scotland. Trump’s mom was from the Isle of Lewis, whereas Grant was additionally pleased with his Scottish roots.

  • ‘Peaceable protest’ allowed if Trump visits Scotland
  • President Trump – half-Scottish, wholly controversial

However, in contrast to immediately’s US president, Grant was a battle hero who had risen from poverty to develop into the commanding officer of the Northern Armies in the course of the American Civil Conflict.

He defeated the Accomplice forces of Gen Robert E Lee in 1865, bringing an finish to slavery.

After the battle in 1869 Grant’s fame propelled him into the White Home.

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Getty Pictures

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Grant made his identify commanding the armies of America’s North within the civil battle

Whereas he had successes as president, equivalent to serving to to safeguard the rights of just lately freed African Individuals, by the top of his second time period his administration had been tainted by corruption scandals.

By 1877 he was out of workplace, however contemplating standing once more within the subsequent presidential elections. In an effort to spice up his personal broken popularity again residence and the status the US overseas, Grant determined to embark on a world tour.

Britain was his first vacation spot.

‘Humorous American manner’

Nonetheless, his try and sow the seeds of what was to develop into the particular relationship, bought off to a barely rocky begin when he met Queen Victoria at a non-public supper at Windsor Fort.

Grant was travelling together with his spouse Julia and their 19-year-old son Jesse.

Victoria had organized for Jesse to dine with the servants, however the Grants complained and the younger man joined his dad and mom for supper with the queen.

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Smithsonian Establishment

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Grant was often known as a person of few phrases

The monarch was not amused by the group, later remarking that Jesse was “a really sick mannered younger Yankee” whereas Julia had been “civil and complimentary in her humorous American manner”.

Grant was cheered by giant crowds wherever he went throughout his time in Britain. Having Scottish ancestors on each his mom’s and father’s facet, he bought a very enthusiastic welcome north of the border.

In letters residence he stated he was “very gratified” by the response and in contrast his heat reception at railway platforms to how he had been acquired in northern American cities within the instant aftermath of the civil battle.

Scottish warriors

However by the point Grant crossed the Tweed he was three months into his world tour and it appears he was starting to search out the fixed conferences with dignitaries from city and metropolis councils somewhat tiresome.

He was made a freeman of a number of cities and cities together with Edinburgh, Glasgow and Inverness, the place he was welcomed as a returning member of the Clan Grant.

After the ceremony in Inverness’ station resort Grant, who was well-known for being a person of few phrases, wrote that the general public engagements have been “very irksome to at least one so little inclined to talking”.

He additionally complained to an American journalist about his arm hurting from having to shake so many palms remarking that it was “an important nuisance, and it needs to be banned”.

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Getty Pictures

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Grant refused an invite to shoot a Highland stag, saying he regretted beforehand killing wild animals

Grant did handle to pack a few of his personal pursuits into his three week keep in Scotland, equivalent to visiting Stirling to pay tribute to well-known Scottish warriors Robert the Bruce and William Wallace.

He visited author Walter Scott’s former residence Abbotsford home within the Borders. Grant had learn Scott’s novels to Julia whereas courting.

A visit to Ayr was a homage to Robert Burns. Grant would quote Burns’ poems throughout battle within the civil battle, whereas the Bard’s songs have been fashionable with these eager to abolish the establishment of slavery.

‘Small metropolis’

Grant had a eager curiosity in new know-how. So the place higher to go to than the then nearly full Tay Bridge at Dundee? At nearly two miles in size it was the longest bridge on the planet.

Grant boarded a ship so he might lookup on the huge piece of engineering from under. He additionally walked out alongside the bridge, which two years later collapsed whereas a prepare was crossing with the lack of at the very least 60 lives.

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Libraries, Leisure and Tradition Dundee

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Grant visited the Tay Bridge earlier than its development was accomplished

However Grant seems to have been notably monosyllabic throughout this journey. His one remark of observe recorded by the press was that it was a “large bridge for a small metropolis”.

This snub to Dundee is remembered in a tune by the late singer-songwriter Michael Marra.

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Andrew Tyron/Geograph

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Grant noticed efforts to enhance land within the Strath of Kildonan

Grant was to go to one other large, however in the end ill-fated, engineering scheme whereas being entertained by the Duke of Sutherland within the Northern Highlands.

The duke had invited Grant to go deer stalking and to shoot a stag, which might then be hung with Grant’s identify on it within the duke’s Dunrobin Fort.

However Grant declined the provide saying that “twice in my life I killed wild animals and I’ve regretted each acts ever since”.

As an alternative, he accepted the duke’s provide to go to what was and nonetheless is the most important land reclamation scheme ever tried in Britain.

Ruinously costly

The Duke of Sutherland was obsessive about new know-how and was making an attempt to make use of steam ploughs to enhance tens of hundreds of acres of land, beforehand cleared of most individuals within the Highland Clearances.

Grant spent a number of hours watching the steam engines at work within the Strath of Kildonan. The Inverness Courier reported that he had been “enormously and far gratified on the marked success which had attended the operation”.

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The Museum of English Rural Life, College of Re

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The Duke of Sutherland on the wheel of a steam plough, nicknamed the Duke’s Toothpick

Nonetheless, this venture didn’t have a cheerful ending. The steam ploughs required big quantities of manpower, and the crofters have been changing into more and more sceptical of the advantages the machines have been bringing.

One observer commented that they wanted “a coal mine in entrance of them and a river behind them to make them work”.

Dr Annie Tindley from Newcastle College, who has studied the Sutherland reclamations, says the enterprise was ruinously costly.

“In immediately’s cash it could have price about £20m and the Duke offered shares, work and even took out a mortgage on his property to assist pay the payments,” she says.

The duke finally deserted the scheme and a lot of the land rapidly reverted to peat lavatory. An space, close to Lairg, the place the reclamations have been comparatively profitable was later flooded by a hydro scheme.

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Smithsonian Establishment

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Grant’s world tour didn’t work out the way in which he had hoped it could

Grant’s go to to Scotland on his world tour in the end didn’t assist together with his combat to return to the White Home.

However a much bigger battle lay forward for the previous soldier.

After dropping his lifesavings to a monetary rip-off, the cigar smoking common was recognized with throat most cancers.

Earlier than he died, while in big quantities of ache, the person of few phrases managed to jot down his memoirs, which included his recollections of the American Civil Conflict.

They have been printed to nice important acclaim and industrial success saving his household from poverty.


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